Things you need to know about hypotension

Things you need to know about hypotension

Hypotension is also known as low blood pressure. The normal level of blood pressure in our body is 120/80 mmHg. If the level of blood pressure remains below than this level persistently then it will be known as hypotension. It makes you feeling dizzy and headache.

The persons who are suffering from hypotension have level of blood pressure below than 90/60 mmHg.

Symptoms of hypotension:

There are many symptoms of hypotension some of these symptoms have been given here. These symptoms include fatigue, dizziness, nausea, clammy skin, blurred vision and lightheadedness. The severity of these symptoms depend upon the level of blood pressure.


There can be different causes of hypotension. Genetic factor is one of the most common cause of hypotension and it in unpreventable. It can also occur in different types of conditions such as

  • Pregnancy- when blood demand increases to fetus.
  • Large amount of blood loss due to injury
  • Heart attacks- when blood supply is impaired.
  • Body weakness due to certain diseases
  • Anaphylactic shock- severe allergic reaction
  • Endocrine disorders- diabetes

There are certain types of medicines which causes hypotension. These medicines are beta blockers, diuretics and nitroglycerines.


There are different types of hypotension. The treatment is given according to the type of hypotension.

Orthostatic hypotension:

This type of hypotension occurs when you stand up from sitting or lying position. It is common in persons of all ages and it is not related to life style or genetic disorder. The exact cause of this type of hypotension is unknown. However, it said body takes time to adjust in its new position so it occurs.

Postprandial hypotension:

This type of hypotension occurs after eating. It occurs mostly in the persons which are suffering from Parkinson’s disease.

Neutrally medicated hypotension:

This type of hypotension occurs when you stand for a long period of time. It occurs mostly in the children. It can also occur due to stress.

Severe hypotension:

It is associated with shock when heart is unable to supply sufficient blood to organs of body. So hypoxemia occurs and it results in hypotension. It can be life threatening if treatment is not given at right time.


There is no proper treatment for hypotension however painkillers are prescribed which increase the blood pressure. It is suggested to increase the intake of sodium to increase the blood pressure.